National Register of Historic Places in San Luis Obispo County

National Register #71000190: Caledonia Adobe in San Miguel The Caledonia Adobe faces a short, surviving stretch of Old Stage Road.
11 March 2017
(Click Photo to Zoom)
National Register #71000190
Caledonia Adobe
700 South Mission Street
San Miguel
Built c1846

The Caledonia Adobe was built on El Camino Real as the private residence of Petronillo Ríos using Indian labor from the Mission San Miguel Arcángel.

During its history the adobe has served as a private residence hotel, stage stop, saloon, school house, store and a dance hall during the Southern Pacific Railroad era.

When the building was converted to a stage stop and hotel, it was named Caledonia by its current owner, W. B. Busherd, in honor of his native Scotland. The Caledonia hosted balls which the whole countryside attended. It was a famous hostelry in the stageline days and the scene of lively times when the Southern Pacific was building its railroad.

It is said that the saloon and school occupied the adobe simultaneously, one on one side of the building and one on the other. It is also said that Tiburcio Vásquez, Joaquin Murietta, Jesse James and the Dalton Brothers visited the saloon.

Source: Adapted from the NRHP nomination submitted in 1971.

The Caledonia Adobe is also California Historical Landmark 936.

Historic Adobe Buildings

Alvarado Adobe in Monterey
Alvarado Adobe in San Pablo
Anza House in San Juan Bautista
Boronda Adobe in Salinas
Branciforte Adobe in Santa Cruz

Caledonia Adobe in San Miguel
Casa Amesti in Monterey
Casa Covarrubias in Santa Barbara
Casa de la Guerra in Santa Barbara
Casa de la Torre in Monterey

Casa del Oro in Monterey
Castro Adobe near Watsonville
Castro Adobe Site in El Cerrito
Castro House in San Juan Bautista
Chew Kee Store in Fiddletown

Cooper-Molera Adobe in Monterey
Dallidet Adobe in San Luis Obispo
Dana Adobe in Nipomo
Don Fernando Pacheco Adobe in Concord
Don Salvio Pacheco Adobe in Concord

El Adobe de los Robles Near Lemoore
Estrella Adobe Church in Paso Robles
Fremont Adobe in Monterey
French Consulate in Monterey
General Sherman's Quarters in Monterey

Groveland Hotel in Groveland
Gutiérrez Adobe in Monterey
Hastings Adobe near Collinsville

Hill-Carrillo Adobe in Santa Barbara
House of Four Winds in Monterey
Ide Adobe in Red Bluff
Janssens-Orella Adobe House Site in Santa Barbara
Juarez Adobe in Napa

Kottinger Adobe Barn in Pleasanton
Larkin House in Monterey
Latter Day Saints Chuch in Moab, Utah
Leese-Fitch Adobe in Sonoma
Locke Adobe Barn in Lockeford
Martinez Adobe in Martinez

Merritt Adobe in Monterey
Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma
Mountain View Adobe in Mountain View
Moraga Adobe in Orinda
Nash Adobe in Sonoma

Old Adobe Barn in La Grange
Oreña Adobe in Santa Barbara
Peña Adobe near Vacaville
Petaluma Adobe near Petaluma
Plaza Hall in San Juan Bautista

Plaza Hotel in San Juan Bautista
Rancho Los Alamos in Santa Barbara
Ray Adobe in Sonoma
Reading Adobe Site near Cottonwood
Roberto-Suñol Adobe in San Jose
Robert Louis Stevenson House in Monterey

Shafer House in Moab, Utah
Sobranes Adobe in Monterey
Sonoma Barracks in Sonoma
Stokes Adobe in Monterey
Stone and Kelsey Adobe Site in Kelseyville
Sugg House in Sonora
Sun Sub Wo Co. in Coulterville

Sutter's Fort Adobe in Sacramento
Swift Adobe Site near Orland
Swiss Hotel in Sonoma
The Fort in Taft
Trussell-Winchester Adobe in Santa Barbara

Vallejo Adobe in Sonoma
Vásquez House in Monterey

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