National Register of Historic Places in Mendocino County

Manchester Schoolhouse in Mendocino County, California 13 November 2005
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National Register #79000499
Manchester Schoolhouse
19750 Highway 1
Built 1907

The Manchester Schoolhouse was built the year following the San Francisco earthquake, a time when the area was covered with first growth redwood and doghole schooners tied off the coast to be loaded with lumber for the rebuilding of San Francisco. Local populations peaked as numerous mills sprouted up and Manchester at that time had a church, a co-operative creamery, and a general store with post office. In time the forests were depleted and the mills and population decreased accordingly. The school is the only building remaining from this era.

Because the community did not have a town meeting hall it was decided to incorporate one in the design of a new school. One the second floor were two classrooms and storage. The entire first floor was used as a school auditorium and town hall.

The school has traditional, axial siting perpendicular to Highway 1. Architecturally it is a combination of rural simplicity and mixed stylistic influences. The change of siding from cove rustic boards to fish scale shingles was undoubtedly influenced by the San Francisco Victorians then under construction, yet the entry porch draws from Greek Revival with simplified columns.

Excerpted from the NRHP Nomination.

Some Historic Schoolhouses in Northern California
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