National Register of Historic Places in Jackson County

National Register #82001505: Lithia Park in Ashland Lower Duck Pond
1 November 2011
(Click Photo to Zoom)
National Register #82001505
Lithia Park
59 Winburn Way
Designed 1915

Lithia Park, situated at the base of the Siskiyou Mountains overlooking Bear Creek Valley, is the only landscape in Oregon designed by John McLaren, Scottish-born landscape architect who was renowned for his development of Golden Gate Park and his landscaping for the 1015 Panama-Pacific International Exposition.

In its growth and development from a Chautauqua site in 1893 through Public Works Administration improvements made between 1935 and 1938, Lithia Park is a complete reflection of the public park movement over a period of forty-five years.

Adapted from the NRHP nomination submitted in 1982.

This 427-acre historic district contains four contributing buildings and eleven contributing structures.

National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933

President Franklin Roosevelt came into office during the worst depression the nation had ever known. Fulfilling a campaign promise to put people to work, he instituted the New Deal to bring economic recovery to the depression-wrought country.

The National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) of 1933 authorized the Public Works Administration (PWA) to provide jobs, stimulate business activity, and increase purchasing power through the construction of permanent and socially useful public works. The Federal Government and local city, county and state governments formed a working partnership resulting in the greatest single construction program in history.

PWA construction projects, in addition to providing employment for the skilled, generated a volume of jobs for the unskilled. The PWA provided loans and grants up to forty percent of the total cost of the project to states, and many other public bodies, including schools.

From 1933-1935, the PWA underwrote projects in 3,040 of the 3,073 counties in all forty-eight states. Of the 3.76 billion dollars of the NIRA fund, 2.56 billion dollars was spent on 19,004 construction projects.

Narrative adapted in part from the NRHP nomination for Tulare Union High School Auditorium and Administration Building dated 16 November 1999.

Many buildings funded by the PWA have been recognized for their historic significance and architectural excellence. Among them are:


Adobe Chapel of the Immaculate Conception in San Diego
Aquatic Park in San Francisco
Beach Chalet Murals in San Francisco
Big Basin Redwood State Park Headquarters Building
Big Creek Bridge in Big Sur
Feather River Scenic Byway Tunnels

Federal Building in Merced
Federal Writers and Artists Projects in San Francisco
Gasquet Ranger Station
Mariposa County High School Auditorium
McClatchy Senior High School in Sacramento
Monterey County Courthouse in Salinas

Mountain View Adobe
Police Headquarters, Jail & Courts in San Diego
Rincon Annex Post Office in San Francisco
Sacramento Junior College
San Francisco State Teachers College
Sitka Main Post Office and Court House in Alaska

Sonora Youth Center
Stanislaus Forest Experiment Station
Sunshine School in San Francisco
The Fort in Taft
Theodore Judah School in Sacramento
Tulare Union High School


Carson City Civic Auditorium
Hoover Dam
Southside School in Reno
Tonopah Main Post Office
USO Building in Hawthorne
Yerington Main Post Office

New Mexico

National Park Service Southwest Regional Office in Santa Fe
New Mexico School for the Deaf Building 2 in Santa Fe
New Mexico School for the Deaf Hospital in Santa Fe
New Mexico Supreme Court in Santa Fe


Butte Falls Ranger Station in Butte Falls
Dead Indian Soda Springs Shelter in Rogue River National Forest
Fish Lake Shelter in Rogue River National Forest
Gold Beach Ranger Station
Lake of the Woods Ranger Station in Fremont-Winema National Forest
Lithia Park in Ashland

McKee Bridge Campground in Rogue River National Forest
Wrangle Gap Shelter in Rogue River National Forest

Bryce Canyon Airport
Dalton Wells Civilian Conservation Corps
Minersville City Hall
Rock House in Arches National Park

Name Year Address Remarks Sort Address Sort Name
Lower Duck Pond (Meyer Pond) and Waterfall1910 01Lower Duck Pond (Meyer Pond) and Waterfall
Concrete Foot Bridge with Lamp Posts1915 02Concrete Foot Bridge with Lamp Posts
Memorial Rose Garden1938 03Memorial Rose Garden
Parkway (Winburn Way)1915 04Parkway (Winburn Way)
Perozzi Fountain Terrace1915 05Perozzi Fountain Terrace
Lithia Water Fountain (Butler Pavilion)191506Lithia Water Fountain (Butler Pavilion)
Sycamore Grove191507Sycamore Grove
Steps to Site of Lithia Water Bottling Station191508Steps to Site of Lithia Water Bottling Station
Tennis Courts191509Tennis Courts
Upper Duck Pond (Black Swan Lake)191510Upper Duck Pond (Black Swan Lake)
Auto Camp Site191511Auto Camp Site
Auto Camp Registration and Recreation Building 191512Auto Camp Registration and Recreation Building
Camper's Bungalow193513Camper's Bungalow
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