Craftsman (1890-1940)

National Register #81000161: Sun House in Ukiah, California Sun House in Ukiah, California
Craftsman Bungalow
12 September 2010

The American Craftsman style was inspired by the the British Arts and Crafts movement which began in the 1860s as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution. The Arts and Crafts movement emphasized handwork over mass production.

The American Arts and Crafts movement encouraged originality, simplicity of form, local natural materials and the visibility of handicraft.

In Southern California, the Pasadena-based firm Greene and Greene was the most renowned practitioner of the original American Craftsman Style. Their projects for Ultimate Bungalows include the Gamble House and Robert R. Blacker House in Pasadena and the Thorsen House in Berkeley.

In Northern California, architects who designed Craftsman buildings include Bernard Maybeck, with his Swedenborgian Church, and Julia Morgan, who designed eleven buildings for Asilomar and six buildings for Mills College.

In San Diego, architect David Owen Dryden designed and built many Craftsman California bungalows in the North Park district. The 1905 Marston House in Balboa Park was designed by local architects Irving Gill and William Hebbard. Frank Lloyd Wright founded the Prairie School which was an outgrowth of Craftsman aesthetics and Craftsman philosophy of quality home design for the middle class.

Distinctive features of the Craftsman style are:

  • Symmetrical
  • Mixed materials
  • Shingles
  • Hand-crafted stone or woodwork
  • Low-pitched roof lines with gabled or hipped roof
  • Deeply overhanging eaves
  • Exposed rafters or decorative brackets under eaves
  • Front porch beneath extension of main roof
  • Tapered, square columns supporting roof
  • 4-over-1 or 6-over-1 double-hung windows (Newer Craftsman houses may have )
  • 2-over-1 or 3-over-1 casement windows

 

Name Year Address City Sort Address Sort Name
Calhoun House1910612 Northwest 5th Street Grants Pass, OR Street 05 NW 0612Calhoun House
Cal-Vada Lodge Hotel1935State Route 28 and Stateline RoadCrystal Bay028-10Cal-Vada Lodge Hotel
Carnegie Library: Yolo1918200 Sacramento Street YoloSacramento 0200Carnegie Library: Yolo
Cary House1912572 East First Street Coquille, OR Street 01Cary House
Clemens House1905612 Northwest 3rd Street Grants Pass, OR Street 03 NW 0612Clemens House
College Women's Club19282680 Bancroft WayBerkeleyBancroft 2680 College Women's Club
Cranston-Geary House19092101 G StreetSacramento Street G 2101Cranston-Geary House
Ebell Club of Santa Paula1917125 South Seventh StreetSanta Paula Street 07 0125Ebell Club of Santa Paula
Engine Company No. 31 19081088 Green StreetSan FranciscoGreen 1088Engine Company No. 31
Greene House19253200 H StreetSacramento Street H 3200Greene House
Hafer House1905426 West 6th Street Medford, OR Street 06 W 0426Hafer House
Hostess House191827 University AvenuePalo AltoUniversity 0027Hostess House
Joseph Leonard - Cecil F. Poole House 191190 Cedro AvenueSan FranciscoCedro 0090Joseph Leonard - Cecil F. Poole House
Nerdrum House 1912955 South Fifth Street Coos Bay, OR Street 05 SNerdrum House
Pratt House19091330 Foothill RoadOjaiFoothill 1330Pratt House
Reddy House1910122 Oregon TerraceMedford, OROregonReddy House
Root-Banks House191511 North Peach StreetMedfordPeach NRoot-Banks House
Sheldon Jackson School1911104 College DriveSitkaCollege 0104Sheldon Jackson School
Sun House1911431 South Main Street UkiahMain S 0431Sun House
Upson House1902937 Jones StreetReno, NVJones 0937Upson House
Willits Depot1915East Commercial StreetWillitsCommercialWillits Depot
Residence19012858 Vallejo StreetSan FranciscoVallejo 2858Residence
O'Brien Family House18671045 Green StreetSan FranciscoGreen 1045O'Brien Family House

Architectural Styles | Architects