California Historical Landmarks in Tuolumne County

California Historical Landmark 432
Springfield and Horseshoe Bend Roads

Mark Twain Bret Harte Trail

Springfield received its name from the abundant springs gushing from limestone boulders. The town with its stores, shops, and hotel built around a plaza once boasted 2,000 inhabitants. It is believed to have been founded by Dona Josefa Valmesada, a Mexican woman of means with the reputation of aiding Americans in the war with Mexico. During the town's heyday, 150 miners' carts could be seen on the road, hauling gold-bearing dirt to Springfield springs for washing.

Citation from California Office of Historic Preservation

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