Second Empire (1860-1890)

The Second Empire style was inspired by buildings constructed in Paris during the reign of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870. The enlargement of the Louvre during between 1852 and 1857 revived the roof form developed by the 17th century French architect François Mansart.

The mansard roof was a hallmark of the Second Empire style. The mansard roof is a steep double-pitches roof usually pierced with dormer windows. Larger Second Empire buildings had central or end pavilions. Ornamentation for large Second Empire buildings included classical pediments, balustrades, and windows flanked by columns or pilasters.

Smaller Second Empire residences are difficult to characterize. Builders placed a mansard roof on almost any style of house however small or otherwise unassuming.


Name Year Address City Sort Address Sort Name
Alford-Nielson House 18771299 Main Street FerndaleMain 1299Alford-Nielson House
Audiffred Building 18891-21 Mission StreetSan FranciscoMission 0001Audiffred Building
Bockius House1870322 East Beach Street WatsonvilleBeach 0322Bockius House
Bontadelli House1907119 Cayuga Street SalinasCayuga 0119Bontadelli House
Burr Mansion18751772 Vallejo StreetSan FranciscoVallejo 1772Burr Mansion
Churchill Manor1889485 Brown StreetNapaBrown 0485Churchill Manor
Dallam-Merritt House18702355 Washington StreetSan FranciscoWashington 2355Dallam-Merritt House
Eureka Odd Fellows Hall 1883123 F Street Eureka Street F 0123Eureka Odd Fellows Hall
Francis House18861403 Myrtle Street CalistogaMyrtle 1403Francis House
Gillmore House 187040 Mill Street Point ArenaMill 040Gillmore House
Goodman Mansion18731120 Oak Street NapaOak 1120Goodman Mansion
Havens Mansion18841381 South Van Ness AvenueSan FranciscoSouth Van NessHavens Mansion
Kienlen-Harbeck Building1900147 Southwest G Street Grants Pass, OR Street G SW 0147Kienlen-Harbeck Building
Madrona Manor18801001 Westside RoadHealdsburgWestside 1001Madrona Manor
Mansion House Hotel1871418-424 Main Street WatsonvilleMain 0418Mansion House Hotel
Meek Mansion and Carriage House1869240 Hampton RoadHaywardHampton 240 Meek Mansion and Carriage House
Palmer House18731300 Cedar StreetCalistogaCedar 1300Palmer House
Savage Mansion1861146 D StreetVirginia City, NVD 0146Savage Mansion
Smith House18751929 1st StreetNapa0 Street 01 1929Smith House
South Hall1873South Hall RoadUC BerkeleySouth Hall RoadSouth Hall
Stanford House1857800 N Street Sacramento Street N 080Stanford House
Zalud House1891393 North Hockett Street PortervilleHockett N 0393Zalud House
Perine House1911535 Powell StreetSan FranciscoPowell 0535Perine House
Fourth Ward School1876South C StreetVirginia City Street C S 0100Fourth Ward School
Hinkel House1885280 Divisadero StreetSan FranciscoDivisadero 0280Hinkel House

Architectural Styles | Architects