NoeHill Travels in the American West: California

National Register of Historic Places in Solano County, California

National Register #75002103: Mare Island Naval Shipyard
One of the Colonial Revival residences located in Captains' Row. It is unusual in that it was built away from Captains' Row and that it is a duplex.

23 November 2010
(Click Photo to Zoom)

National Register #75002103
Mare Island Naval Shipyard
Mare Island

In September 1854, Mare Island Naval Shipyard became the U.S. Navy's first permanent installation on the Pacific coast.

The yard is situated on what is now a peninsula bounded by the Napa River and Mare Island Strait on the east, Carquinez Strait on the south, and San Pablo Bay on the west. Mare Island Naval Shipyard symbolized United States expansionism into California, the West, and throughout the Pacific.

During the yard's 142-year history, the Navy underwent many changes, including passing from the use of sails to the use of coal, oil, and finally nuclear power to propel its vessels. Mare Island has remained continually active through this transition and contributed significantly to naval progress.

Until 1891 the yard had the only U.S. ship repair facilities on the west coast. In addition Mare Island Naval Shipyard built the first U.S. warship (1859) and the first drydock (1872-1891) constructed on the Pacific shore, converted a coal-burning vessel into the Navy's first oil-burning ship (1905-19088), and built the only U.S. battleship ever fabricated on the west coast (1916-1919).

The yard built nearly four hundred ships during World War II. After 1958, it built seventeen nuclear submarines.

Adapted from the NRHP nomination

Mare Island Naval Shipyard was identified for closure during the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process of 1993. Naval operations ceased and the facility was decommissioned on April 1, 1996.

Numerous commercial and industrial businesses are currently leasing property aboard the former naval shipyard. In May 2000, the Navy completed the transfer of a former housing area called Roosevelt Terrace. The Navy is also transferring property at the shipyard to other government agencies such as the Fish and Wildlife Service, the Forest Service, the Army Reserve, the Coast Guard, and the Department of Education.

From Wikipedia

Mare Island Naval Shipyard is a National Historic Landmark. The boundaries of the landmark were expanded in 1996.

Name Year Address Remarks Sort Address Sort Name
Smithery1854Area A - Building 46A046Smithery
Structural Shop1854Area A - Building 51Constructed between 1854 and 1857A051Structural Shop
Pattern Shop1854Area A - Building 53Constructed between 1854 and 1857A053Pattern Shop
Sail Loft1854Area A - Building 55Constructed between 1854 and 1857A055Sail Loft
Steam Engineering Complex and Foundry1858Area A - Buildings 85, 87, 89A085Steam Engineering Complex and Foundry
Supply Warehouse1869Area A - Building 69A069Supply Warehouse
Coal Sheds1900Area A - Buildings 141, 143, 145, 147, 149, 151, 153, 155, 163A141Coal Sheds
Drydock 11872Area AFirst United States drydock on Pacific coast. Built 1872-1891.A001Drydock 1
Administration Building1855Area A - Building 47A047Administration Building
Officers' Quarters1900Area A - Buildings A-LTwo-story, white-painted, stucco-covered residences on Walnut Avenue.A00AOfficers' Quarters
Saint Peter's Chapel1900Area A - Building 104Second chapel built on Navy property. Only the original chapel at Annapolis preceded it.A104Saint Peter's Chapel
Stone Magazines1857Area B - Buildings A-1, A-4, A-20Built between 1857 and 1864 from stone brought around South America as ballast.B001Stone Magazines
Brick Magazines1890Area B - Buildings A-3, A-5, A-6, A-11Built in 1890s.B003Brick Magazines
Base Cemetery1856Area BEstablished in 1856, the cemetery now contains approximately 900 graves, including those of several flag officers, Francis Scott Key's daughter Anna Turner, and Russian, French, British, and Dutch sailors whose ships called at Mare Island in the 19th centB000Base Cemetery
Hospital1889Area C - Building H-1First U.S. naval hospital on the west coast.C0H1Hospital
Stables1854Area C - Building 88Built sometime between 1854 and 1860.C088Stables
Marine Officers' Quarters1871Area C - Building M-1C0M1Marine Officers' Quarters
Officers' Quarters1888Area D - Buildings M-2, M-3, M-4, M-5D000Officers' Quarters
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