California Historical Landmarks in San Mateo County
California Historical Landmark 23
Portolá Camp: October 23
Pacific Coast Highway At Mouth Of Gazos Creek
Bean Hollow State Beach
Pigeon Point Viewed from Beach Near Gazos Creek
20 October 2004
(Click Photos to Enlarge)
The Portolá Expedition of 1769 camped October 23 near the mouth of Gazos Creek.
Citation from California Office of Historic Preservation
The Portolá Expedition camped overnight near this lovely little beach at the mouth of Gazos Creek. It is the first of twelve sites in San Mateo County commemorating the expedition.
We were unable to locate a commemorative marker. Here's a list of other California Historical Landmarks which had no bear flag plaque when we visited them.
On the 23d, [the Portolá Expedition] again moved forward, passing Punta de Año Nuevo and, traveling two leagues, camped probably on Gazos creek, where was a large Indian ranchería, whose inhabitants received them kindly.
This camp, which was about opposite Pigeon Point, they named Casa Grande, also San Juan Nepomuceno.
From The March of Portolá and the Discovery of the Bay of San Francisco by Zoeth S. Eldredge
Portolá Expedition of 1769
Under orders from King Carlos III of Spain, Gaspar de Portolá i Rovira and Franciscan Father John Crespi marched north from San Diego on 14 July 1769 with sixty-three soldiers and one hundred mules.
Their destination was Monterey Bay, but they missed the fog-shrouded bay and instead became the first documented Europeans to see the San Francisco Bay.
Just seven years later, Spain founded Misión San Francisco de Asís on 29 June 1776.
The California Coastal Trail traces much of the route, and twelve California Landmarks in San Mateo County commemorate the expedition:
October 23: Mouth of Gazos Creek
October 24: Mouth of San Gregorio Creek
October 26: Tunitas Indian Village
October 27: Mouth of Purisima Creek
October 28: Mouth of Pilarcitos Creek
October 30: Martini Creek
October 31: San Pedro Creek
November 4: Sweeney Ridge
November 4: San Andreas Lake
November 5: Cañada de Andreas
November 6: San Francisquito Creek
November 11: Cañada de Reymundo