National Register of Historic Places in Del Norte County
The Crescent City Lighthouse was the eleventh lighthouse built on the West Coast. It is one of the oldest lighthouses on the West Coast and the oldest on the north coast of California.
Crescent City began in the 1850s as an isolated town on the north coast of California. The rugged mountains and unbridged rivers surrounding the community hindered development of an adequate land transportation system. The town's future depended on its harbor, a crescent shaped port, for a reliable access to the sea.
In 1856 construction of the lighthouse was begun on Battery Point islet, a rocky point of land accessible by foot from the mainland during periods of low tide. The Light House Service constructed a Cape Cod dwelling with a tower rising through the center. The light, visible for fourteen miles at sea, was a significant navigational aid to ships traveling up and down the Pacific Coast. In addition, the lighthouse marked the entrance to the small Crescent City harbor, an important point of entry to the gold fields of Southern Oregon during the 1850's.
The lighthouse was in service for more than a century before being converted into a museum.
Excerpted from the NRHP Nomination.
Historic lighthouses on the west coast:
Battery Point Lighthouse, Crescent City
Cape Blanco Lighthouse, Curry County, Oregon
East Brother Light Station, Contra Costa County
Fort Point Lighthouse, San Francisco
Point Arena Light Station, Mendocino County
Point Bonita Light Station, Marin County
Point Cabrillo Light Station, Mendocino County
Point Montara Light Station, San Mateo County
Point Reyes Light Station, Marin County
Pigeon Point Lighthouse, San Mateo County
Battery Point Lighthouse is also California Historical Landmark 951.