Historic Sites and Points of Interest in Siskiyou County
The marker reads:
Bradford Ripley Alden
On Aug. 8, 1853 Captain Alden led 10 men of the 4th U. S. Infantry from Fort Jones and 80 volunteers from Yreka over these mountains to the assistance of the Rogue River Valley. This force augmented by 100 volunteers from Oregon defeated the Indians on Battle Mountain where Captain Alden was severely wounded.
Erected by his grandchildren and the Siskiyou County Historical Society
The Rogue River tribes in southwest Oregon had endured the aggression of Oregon Trail and California Gold Rush immigrants and had put up stiff resistance to them in the early 1850s.
The United States Army inflicted numerous punitive assaults against the Rogue River natives, beginning in 1851.
By 1853, the Rogue River tribes had signed treaties relinquishing most of their homelands.