National Register of Historic Places in Inyo County

National Register #80000802: Death Valley Junction Historic District
Death Valley Junction

This historic crossroad has been used by Indians, Clampers, Death Valley 49ers, ranchers, farmers, settlers and tourists.

The town was originally called Amargosa. In 1907, the name was changed to Death Valley Junction. At this junction, the Tonopah & Tidewater Railroad connected with the Las Vegas - Tonopah Railroad to service the Ryan and Lilac C. Borax Mines near Ryan during the years 1914 - 28.

Death Valley Junction had rail service until 1940. At it's [sic] peak, the town had a population of 300.

Today, the town is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Plaque Placed By Billy Holcomb, Joaquin Murrieta, Slim Princess and John P. Squibob Chapters of E Clampus Vitus
October 29, 1983

National Register #80000802: Death Valley Junction Historic District All Photos 20 February 2007
(Click Photos to Zoom)
National Register #80000802
Death Valley Junction Historic District
State Route 190 and Highway 127
Death Valley Junction
Built 1923

The Death Valley Junction historic district encompasses twenty-six structures constructed by the Pacific Coast Borax Company beginning in 1923 to accommodate company operations, company visitors, and company employees and their families.

The buildings within the district are the most nearly intact remnants of a larger settlement which developed around the junction of the Tonopah & Tidewater Railroad and the Death Valley Railroad built by Pacific Coast Borax in 1917 to transport borate ores from its mines to the Mill at Death Valley Junction.

Sixteen of the major structures in the District were built, in a single campaign from 1923 to 1925 and were designed by the Los Angeles architect, Alexander Hamilton McCulloch.

Adapted from the NRHP nomination.

Name Year Address Remarks Sort Address Sort Name
Hotel BlockBuilding 1B01Hotel Block
TowersBuildings 2 and 6B02Towers
South DormitoryBuilding 7B07South Dormitory
Store BlockBuilding 8B08Store Block
North DormitoryBuilding 3B03North Dormitory
Doctor's Residence and HospitalBuilding 4B04Doctor's Residence and Hospital
Amargosa Opera HouseBuilding 5B05Amargosa Opera House
CottageBuilding 13Two-bedroom, adobe cottage with entry porch.B13Cottage
CottagesBuildings 14, 15, 16Two-bedroom, adobe cottages without porch.B14Cottages
CottagesBuildings 17, 18, 19One-bedroom, adobe cottages.B17Cottages
GaragesBuildings 23 and 24B23Garages
Superintendent^ ResidenceBuilding 20B20Superintendent^ Residence
ResidenceBuilding 22Moved to this site from Ryan between 1923 and 1926.B22Residence
LaundryBuilding 25B25Laundry
Boiler House and Ice PlantBuilding 26B26Boiler House and Ice Plant
Garage and Service StationBuilding 09B09Garage and Service Station
Railway PlatformBuilding 10B10Railway Platform
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