California Historical Landmarks in Inyo County

California Historical Landmark 209
Bend City
Mazourka Canyon Road
East of Independence

Remains of a Hard Rock Mining Structure Near the Site of Bend City Three views of the remains of a hard rock mining structure near the site of Bend City.

Remains of a Hard Rock Mining Structure Near the Site of Bend City

Remains of a Hard Rock Mining Structure Near the Site of Bend City


The Owens River and Inyo Mountains Near the Site of Bend City
The Owens River and Inyo Mountains Near the Site of Bend City.

2 November 2012
(Click Photo to Zoom)


Bend City

Bend City, a population center in the middle 1860s, was designated as the seat of Coso County, but the county was never formed. It was here that the first county bridge across Owens River was constructed. The 1872 earthquake changed the course of Owens River, so the site of Bend City was near an empty ravine instead of on a river bank.

Citation from California Office of Historic Preservation

William H. Brewer, working for the State Geologist Josiah Whitney, visited Bend City on 28 July 1864. He wrote in his journal:

"The Inyo Mountains skirt this valley on the east. They, too, are desert. A little rain falls on them in winter, but too little to support much vegetation or to give birth to springs or streams.

"They look utterly bare and desolate, but they are covered with scattered trees of the little scrubby nut pine, Pinus fremontiana [actually Pinus monophylla, or the single leaf piñon pine], and some other desert shrubs, but no timber, nor meadows, nor green herbage. There are a few springs, however.

"These mountains were the strongholds of the Indians during hostilities a year ago. They are destitute of feed, and the water is so scarce and in such obscure places that the soldiers could not penetrate them without suffering for want of water. Camp Independence was located in the valley, and for a year fighting went on, when at last the Indians were conquered - more were starved out than killed. they came in, made treaties, and became peaceful. One chief, however, Joaquin Jim, never gave up. He retreated into the Sierra with a small band, but he has attempted no hostilities since last fall. These Indians are in a region where we are now, and it was against them that we took the escort of soldiers as a guard. There are a number yet, however, in the valley, living as they can - a miserable, cruel, and treacherous set.

Mines of silver and gold were discovered in the Inyo Mountains some two or three years ago. They made some excitement, a few mills were erected, and three villages started - Owensville, San Carlos, and Bend City. The last two are rivals, being only 2½ miles apart; the first is 50 miles up the river.

We camped on the river near Bend City and went into town for fresh meat and to get the horses shod. It is a miserable hole, of perhaps twenty or twenty-five adobe houses, built on the sand in the midst of the sagebrush, but there is a large city laid out - on paper. It was intensely hot, there appeared to be nothing done, times dull, and everybody talking about the probable uprising of the Indians - some though that mischief was brewing, others not."

From: Up and Down California in 1860-1864: The Journal of William H. Brewer

Some Missing California Plaques

When we visited the following sites, we were unable to locate a California commemorative plaque.

At some sites, it appeared that a California plaque had never been erected. At other sites, there was a base, but the plaque itself was missing. Some sites without California plaques had other historic markers, but they did not note that the site is a California Historical Landmark.

Adams and Company Building, Sacramento
Altaville, Calaveras County
Anza Expedition Camp, Burlingame
Bear Valley, Mariposa County
Bend City, Inyo County

Big Bar, Amador and Calaveras Counties
Birthplace of Freemasonry in California , San Francisco
Booth Home Site, Sacramento
Brannan Cottage, Calistoga
Brannan Store, Calistoga

Brown Home, Red Bluff
Bloody Point, Modoc County
Bonner Grade, Modoc County
Brannan House, Sacramento
Butte Store, Amador County

California Star Newspaper Site, San Francisco
Camino of Rancho San Antonio, Oakland
Casa de Cota, San Diego
Casa de Machado y Silvas, San Diego
Casa del Oro, Monterey

Casa Materna, Pajaro
Castro Home, El Cerrito
Chevra Kaddisha Cemetery, Sacramento
China Slough Site, Sacramento
City of Paris Department Store Site, San Francisco

Colton Hall, Monterey
Condemned Bar, Folsom Lake State Recreation Area
Congregational Church, Mokelumne Hill
Corral Hollow, Tracy
Crabtree (Lotta) Home, Grass Valley

Crocker Gallery, Sacramento
Croll Building, Oakland
Donner Monument, Truckee
Douglas Flat, Calaveras County
Eagle Theatre, Sacramento

Ebbetts Pass, Alpine County
Ebner's Hotel, Sacramento
Evans and Bailey Fight, Modoc County
Fort Janesville, Lassen County
Frémont's Camp, Modoc County

Frog Woman Rock, Mendocino County
Glencoe (Mosquito Gulch) , Calaveras County
Giant Powder Company Site, San Francisco
Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco and Marin Counties
Grange Hall Site, El Dorado County

Guillem's Graveyard, Lava Beds National Monument
Gutiérrez Adobe, Monterey
House of Four Winds, Monterey
Hornitos, Mariposa County
Hudson Cabin Site, Calistoga

Irishtown, Amador County
Jackson Gate, Amador County
Jenny Lind, Calaveras County
Junípero Serra's Cross, Ventura County
Kelsey House Site, Calistoga

Kirkwood's, Amador County
Lady Adams Building, Sacramento
Larkin House, Monterey
Lassen Grave, Lassen County
Laurel Hill Cemetery Site, San Francisco

Long Wharf Site, San Francisco
Maiden's Grave, El Dorado National Forest
Marklee's Cabin Site, Markleeville Marshall's Blacksmith Shop, Kelsey
Mayfield Canyon Battleground, Owens Valley

Methodist Episcopal Church, Placerville
Mills Bank Building, Sacramento
Milton, Calaveras County
Mission San Buenaventura, Ventura County
Mission San Buenaventura Reservoir, Ventura County

Mokelumne Hill IOOF Hall, Mokelumne Hill
Montez (Lola) Home, Grass Valley
Montezuma, Tuolumne County
Montgomery Hill, San Jose
Napa Valley Railroad Depot, Calistoga

Negro Hill, Folsom Lake State Recreation Area
Noble Pass Route, Lassen Volcanic National Park
Old Emigrant Trail, Modoc National Forest
Old Lobero Theatre, Santa Barbara
Olema Lime Kilns, Marin County

Orleans Hotel Site, Sacramento
Overton Building, Sacramento
Parrott Block Site, San Francisco
Peralta Hacienda, Oakland
Pioneer Cemetery, Calaveras County

Pioneer Hall, Jackson
Plumas House, Quincy
Plymouth Trading Post, Plymouth
Pony Express Remount Station, Woodfords
Portolá Camp at Crystal Springs, San mateo County

Portolá Camp at Gazos Creek, Bean Hollow State Beach
Portolá Camp at Martini Creek, Montara
Portolá Camp at Pilarcitos Creek, Half Moon Bay
Portolá Camp at Pulgas Water Temple, San Mateo County
Portolá Camp at Purisima Creek, Half Moon Bay

Portolá Camp at San Gregorio State Beach, San Gregorio
Portolá Camp at Tunitas Beach, San Mateo County
Richmond Shipyards District, Richmond
Rincon Hill, San Francisco
Robert Louis Stevenson House, Monterey

Roop's Fort, Susanville
Royal Presidio Chapel, Monterey
Sacramento Bee Building, Sacramento
Sacramento Union Site, Sacramento
Sailing Launch Comet, Lathrop

Saint James Episcopal Church, Sonora
Salmon Falls, Folsom Lake State Recreation Area
San Joaquin City Site, Tracy
Santa Margarita Asistencia, Santa Margarita
Smartsville, Yuba County

Stage Coach and Railroad, Sacramento
State Indian Museum, Sacramento
Stone Corral, Calaveras County
Studebaker's Shop, Placerville
Sutter Creek, Amador County

Swift's Stone Corral, Colusa County
Sycamore Tree, Ventura County
Telegraph Hill, San Francisco
Transcontinental Railroad, Lathrop
Union Oil Company Building, Ventura County

Vásquez House, Monterey
Willms Ranch, Knights Ferry
Valley Springs, Calaveras County
Western Hotel, Sacramento
Whiskeytown, Shasta County

Woodbridge, San Joaquin County
Wood's Ferry and Bridge Site, Woodbridge

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