National Register of Historic Places in Jackson County

National Register #90001596: Colver House in Phoenix 20 September 2008
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National Register #90001596
Colver House
150 Main Street
Phoenix
Built 1855-1857
Burned 2008

Samuel Colver and his wife emigrated from Ohio via the overland route in 1850. Colver became an Indian Agent participating in both the Rogue Indian Wars and the Modoc Indian War. He agitated for social causes, including prohibition and woman suffrage.

The Colver House, despite its size and Classical Revival style, was built of logs then clad with horizontal weatherboarding. Its most distinctive feature was a double piazza, or front porch, with four superimposed square piers finished with Tuscan caps, an upper deck railing, and exterior stairway.

Although the Colver House combined the characteristics of a block house and stage station, it was not used for either purpose during the Colvers' lifetimes. However, the large second story hall, thirty by fifty feet, was used for community social and cultural events giving rise to local references to Colver Hall.

No other 19th century log house approaching the Colver in size remains in Oregon. Two other houses standing in Jackson County have more usual dimensions and the traditional technology, hewn logs. The Birdseye House near Rogue River and the Ernest Lyman House at Gold Hill. Only a few early log houses remain anywhere in Oregon. Except for some Pennsylvanian German buildings at Aurora, 19th century log construction in the Oregon Territory, although excellently constructed, was used for temporary houses and considered primitive.

Adapted from the NRHP nomination submitted in 1990.

The Colver House was destroyed by fire late at night on 15 September 2008. Read coverage in the Mail Tribune and view this video uploaded to You Tube by Mail Tribune on 15 September 2008

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