NoeHill: San Francisco Architects

George Kelham (1871-1936)

Asian Art Museum in the Civic Center Asian Art Museum
10 July 2012

George William Kelham was born in Massachusetts and educated at Harvard and at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris where he graduated in 1896.

His first job as an architect was with Trowbridge & Livingston in New York City. The firm sent him to San Francisco in 1906 to work on the rebuilding of the Palace Hotel, and he remained in San Francisco.

Kelham was Chief Architect for the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. One of his primary design goals was to combine art and nature. As he later wrote in Pacific Coast Architect: "If we have succeeded in combining art and nature so that each seems a part of the other, in bringing the wonderful Bay of San Francisco into our picture, in making our great group of buildings nestle into their surroundings both in form and color, then the real meaning of what we have tried for is made clear."

For several years, Kelham was supervising architect for both the UC Berkeley campus and the UCLA campus. He designed individual buildings for both campuses.

Name Year Address City Sort Address Sort Name
Asian Art Museum1916200 Larkin StreetSan FranciscoLarkin 0200Asian Art Museum
Bowles Hall1928Stadium Rim Way and Gayley RoadUC BerkeleyStadium RimBowles Hall
California Commercial Union Building1923315 Montgomery StreetSan FranciscoMontgomery 0315California Commercial Union Building
Delia Fleishhacker Memorial Building19251 Zoo RoadSan Francisco ZooZooDelia Fleishhacker Memorial Building
Edwards Stadium1932Bancroft Way and Fulton StreetUC BerkeleyBancroft FultonEdwards Stadium
Farmer's and Merchant's Bank191711 South San Joaquin StreetStocktonSan Joaquin 0011Farmer's and Merchant's Bank
Federal Reserve Bank1924400 Sansome StreetSan FranciscoSansome 0400Federal Reserve Bank
Ganter & Mattern Company Building19121453 Mission StreetSan FranciscoMission 1453Ganter & Mattern Company Building
Helm Building19141101 Fulton MallFresnoFultonHelm Building
Hills Bros. Coffee Plant19262 Harrison StreetSan FranciscoHarrison 0002Hills Bros. Coffee Plant
Mount Davidson Cross1943Mount Davidson ParkSan FranciscoMount Davidson ParkMount Davidson Cross
Palace Hotel19092 New Montgomery StreetSan FranciscoNew Montgomery 0002Palace Hotel
Powell Library192710740 Dickson PlazaUCLADicksonPowell Library
Roble Hall1917374 Santa Teresa StreetStanford UniversitySanta TeresaRoble Hall
Russ Building1927235 Montgomery StreetSan FranciscoMontgomery 0235Russ Building
Security Pacific Building1922300 Montgomery StreetSan FranciscoMontgomery 0300Security Pacific Building
Sharon Building191239-63 New Montgomery StreetSan FranciscoNew Montgomery 0039Sharon Building
Shell Building1929100 Bush StreetSan FranciscoBush 0100Shell Building
Standard Oil Building1922225 Bush StreetSan FranciscoBush 0225Standard Oil Building
Ganter & Mattern Company Building
1453 Mission Street
Built 1912
Photographed 12 January 2020

The Gantner & Mattern Company building is an excellent example of an early 20th century Classical Revival industrial building with a high level of architectural detail in its primary façade. The building, which contained Ganter & Mattern's knitting factory and headquarters and wholesale showroom, embodies many characteristics of industrial lofts used for garment and textile factories in the early 1900s.

Industrial lofts were typically constructed of fireproof reinforced concrete and contained production rooms, retail spaces and commercial offices. Manufacturing was on the top floor. Products were transferred to lower floors during the finishing process. Lighting and ventilation were facilitated through operable windows and a sawtooth monitor roof.

Source: San Francisco Planning Department Hub Plan Historical Resources Survey dated 24 July 2019

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