Marin County Points of Interest
This fortification was completed in 1905 and originally named for 2nd Lieutenant Samuel B. Rathbone, who had died in the War of 1812. It was armed with 4 small, rapid fire rifles having 6" diameter barrels. In early years, its guns protected the entrance to the Bay from enemy ships. During World War II, it guarded minefields outside the Golden Gate. The army eventually divided Battery Rathbone into two parts. The eastern section was renamed for Major General James McIndoe, who had ben killed in France in 1918. The western half retained the name Rathbone. All guns were finally removed in 1948.
Fort Barry, constructed in 1908 in the Marin Headlands, is one of the park's best examples of an Endicott Period army post.
The Endicott Period, named for Secretary of War William C. Endicott, refers to the era when the War Department expressed growing concerns about the dilapidated condition of the country's seacoast fortifications. As a response, the army made sweeping recommendations in the 1890s to modernize and re-arm all the U.S. seacoast forts.
In 1902, the army constructed new seacoast fortifications at Fort Baker, just inside the Golden Gate strait. By 1908, the army recognized the need for additional defenses, outside the Golden Gate strait, and constructed Fort Barry and its batteries for this purpose.
Courtesy National Park Service Golden Gate National Recreation Area: Fort Barry.
Fort Barry defenses:
Fort Barry contributes to National Register Historic District #73000255 which also includes Fort Baker and Fort Cronkhite.