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National Register of Historic Places in San Francisco

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National Register #79000530
Fort Mason Historic District Boundary Increase
Bounded by Van Ness, Bay, Laguna, and San Francisco Bay

Commencing in 1797, and lasting through the Spanish and Mexican administrations of Alta California, Fort Mason was one of two sites in San Francisco Bay that was armed with artillery for the defense of the harbor.

For over forty years under the American administration, it played a role in the coastal defenses of the bay from the Civil War to post-Spanish-American War. It also served as an important element in the first submarine mining of San Francisco Bay in the Spanish-American War.

From the Spanish-American War to the Korean War, Fort Mason was the headquarters of the San Francisco Port of Embarkation through which millions of men and millions of tons of supplies were transported into the Pacific. A long list of distinguished generals, commanding the Military Division of the Pacific, live here in Quarters One and Two.

The collection of military structures dating from the 1850's to the Korean War illustrates the evolution of an Army post - and coastal fortifications to a lesser degree - over a period of one hundred years.

The contrasts and many moods of the architecture, the effect of the Army's caste system on the quarters, the charm of the earliest officers' row, the simple lines of the Endicott battery, the WPA architecture of the Great Depression, the Army's determination in landscaping — all these blend together to present a history of this place and its times.


Contributing Buildings Sequenced By Address
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Name Year Address Remarks
Commanding General's Quarters1877FM1
Officer's Quarters1855FM2Originally a private residence.
Officer's Quarters1855FM3Originally a private residence.
Officer's Quarters1855FM4Originally a private residence.
Noncommissioned Officer's Quarters1934FM9Occupied by a sergeant on the general's personal staff.
Entrance GateFM12Entrance Gate from Bay Street to MacArthur Avenue
Tennis CourtFM1419th century. Concrete.
Searchlight Shelter1911FM15
Pier No. 41931FM16Replaced an earlier pier, c1870.
Waiting Room on Pier No. 41931FM17
Mining Casemate1889FM23Reinforced concrete.
Laundry1941FM32Located within a group of officers' quarters. Stucco.
Oficcers' Quarters1941FM33-39Stucco.
Waiting RoomFM40Waiting room for a former streetcar line. Stucco.
Oficcers' Quarters1933FM41-44Stucco.
Oficcers' Quarters1933FM46-49Stucco.
Post Headquarters1941FM101Construction Quartermaster's office and post headquarters. Stucco.
Hospital1902FM201Later became headquarters for the San Francisco Port of Embarkation. Brick. Large frame addition built in 1917.
Hospital Steward's Quarters1902FM204Brick
Flagstaff1924FM205Replaced an earlier flagstaff on the same site.
Noncommissioned Officer's Quarters1891FM231Wood
Noncommissioned Officer's Quarters1864FM232Wood
Noncommissioned Officer's Quarters1878FM234Wood
Post Headquarters (Original)1864FM235Originally, post headquarters and storehouses, 1864. Later, converted to noncommissioned officers' quarters. Wood.
Hospital Steward's Quarters1891FM238Wood
Hospital1864FM239Originally two separate structures - hospital proper and steward's quarters. By 1884, they had been combined into one structure. Later, noncommissioned officers' quarters. Wood.
Barracks1864FM240Originally two buildings. Later, they were combined and the structure was enlarged several times. Its late function was a finance office for the Port of Embarkation. Wood.
School1864FM241Originally, a guardhouse stood here, 1864. It was moved and, later demolished. By 1913, the present structure had been built. It first served as a school. Later, it was designated as a barracks and as transient bachelor officers' quarters. Wood.
Battery Burnham1900FM242One 8" gun. Used as an air raid shelter in World War II. Reinforced concrete.
Powder Magazine1898FM250Spanish-American War. Reinforced concrete.
Provost Marshall's OfficeFM302Provost marshall's office and identification building for Port of Embarkation, date unknown. Stucco.
Gate and Guard StationFM303Gate and guard station to Port of Embarkation, date unknown. Masonry and iron.
Marine Repair Shop1934FM308Marine repair shop for Port of Embarkation. Reinforced concrete.
Warehouses1912FM310 and 312Warehouses for Port of Embarkation. Reinforced concrete.
Warehouses1912FM314 and 315Warehouses for Port of Embarkation. Reinforced concrete.
Pier No. 11912FM316Reinforced concrete.
Pier No. 1 Shed1917FM317Reinforced concrete. Rebuilt in 1934.
Pier No. 21912FM318Reinforced concrete.
Pier No. 2 Shed1912FM319Reinforced concrete.
Pier No. 31934FM320Reinforced concrete. Enlarged in 1934.
Pier No. 3 Shed1934FM321Reinforced concrete. Replaced an earlier pier shed.
Battery Charging Station1935FM322Reinforced concrete.
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