Spanish Revival (1915-1940)
The Spanish Revival style includes Spanish Colonial Revival and Spanish Eclectic. The Colonial style is based on Spanish architecture in the New World. The Eclectic style is based on Spanish architecture in Europe.
The Spanish Colonial Revival style immediately followed the Mission Revival style and shared many of the same architectural elements.
The style was popularized by the 1915 California-Pacific Exposition in San Diego and by the depots and hotels built by Fred Harvey for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in the Southwest. For many years, it was the style of choice for the mansions of the Hollywood stars.
Many Spanish Colonial Revival buildings have courtyards and enclosed gardens. The orientation is private and inward with simple, undecorated street façades.
The style borrows from many sources: California missions, New Mexico pueblos, Spanish Baroque, Spanish Colonial, Moorish, Byzantine, Renaissance, and Mexican Churrigueresque.
Some distinctive features of Spanish Colonial Revival buildings are:
Spanish Baroque and Churrigueresque
The term baroque was derived from the Portuguese barocco, translated as an irregular pearl or stone.
Between 1590 and 1720, Baroque architecture spread through Europe and Latin America, where it was particularly promoted by the Jesuits. The Roman Catholic Church was reasserting itself in the wake of the Protestant Reformation with displays of power, wealth and grandeur. The Spanish Court supported Rome by building churches and palaces in the Spanish Baroque style.
Baroque architecture was emotional, not rational. It created spectacle and illusion. Straight lines of the Renaissance were replaced with flowing curves. Domes were enlarged. Interiors were designed to produce spectacular chiaroscuro effects.
Churrigueresque is a Spanish Baroque style of elaborate architectural ornament marked by extreme detailing usually above the entrance on the main façade of a building. The style was named after the architect and sculptor, José Benito de Churriguera (1665–1725), who was born in Madrid of a Catalan family and who worked primarily in Madrid and Salamanca.
The Churrigueresque decorative style was used in Spanish Colonial architecture in the New World. In many churches and public buildings, the ornamentation seemed to trump all other architectural considerations.
The style became popular in the United States after the 1915 Panama-California Exposition in San Diego where many buildings were Spanish Baroque in design. Spanish Baroque and Churrigueresque influences were particularly popular in the design of the great movie palaces of the 1920s.
|Name||Year||Address||City||Sort Address||Sort Name|
|Alameda Veterans' Memorial Building||1929||2203 Central Avenue||Alameda||Central 2203||Alameda Veterans' Memorial Building|
|Alhambra Theater||1926||2320-2336 Polk Street||San Francisco||Polk 2320||Alhambra Theater|
|Animal Science Building||1928||West Quad and Peter J. Shields Avenue||University of California Davis||West Quad||Animal Science Building|
|Balboa High School||1934||1000 Cayuga||San Francisco||Cayuga 1000||Balboa High School|
|Blue Anchor Building||1931||1400 10th Street||Sacramento||Street 10 1400||Blue Anchor Building|
|Building at 50 Fell Street||1932||50 Fell Street||San Francisco||Fell 0050||Building at 50 Fell Street|
|Castro Theater||1922||429 Castro Street||San Francisco||Castro 0429||Castro Theater|
|Corning Carnegie Library||1915||618 4th Street||Corning||Street 04 0618||Corning Carnegie Library|
|Don Lee Building||1921||1000 Van Ness Avenue||San Francisco||Van Ness 1000||Don Lee Building|
|El Capitan Theatre and Hotel||1928||2353 Mission Street||San Francisco||Mission 2353||El Capitan Theatre and Hotel|
|El Cortez Apartment Hotel||1927||702 Ash Street||San Diego||Ash 0702||El Cortez Apartment Hotel|
|Fox California Theater||1930||242 East Main Street||Stockton||Main E 0242||Fox California Theater|
|High School of Commerce||1926||135 Van Ness Avenue||San Francisco||Van Ness 0135||High School of Commerce|
|Hotel Californian||1923||403 Taylor Street||San Francisco||Taylor 0403||Hotel Californian|
|Hotel Woodland||1927||426 Main Street||Woodland||Main 0426||Hotel Woodland|
|Lemos House||1933||100-110 Waverley Oaks Court||Palo Alto||Waverly||Lemos House|
|Madison House||1926||335 East Lake||Watsonville||Lake E 0335||Madison House|
|Mariposa County High School Auditorium||1936||5074 Old Highway North||Mariposa||Old Highway 5074||Mariposa County High School Auditorium|
|Mission Dolores Basilica||1918||Dolores Street at 16th Street||San Francisco||Dolores||Mission Dolores Basilica|
|Mountain View Adobe||1934||157 Moffett Boulevard||Mountain View||Moffett 0157||Mountain View Adobe|
|Nevada-California-Oregon Railway Headquarters||1917||619 North Main Street||Alturas||Main N 0619||Nevada-California-Oregon Railway Headquarters|
|Norris House||1928||1247 Cowper Street||Palo Alto||Cowper 1247||Norris House|
|North End Police Station||1912||2475 Greenwich Street||San Francisco||Greenwich 2475||North End Police Station|
|Old San Diego Police Headquarters, Jail & Courts||1938||789 West Harbor Drive||San Diego||Harbor W 0789||Old San Diego Police Headquarters, Jail & Courts|
|Physicians Building||1926||2607 Fresno Street||Fresno||Fresno 2607||Physicians Building|
|Saint Joseph's Basilica||1921||1109 Chestnut Street||Alameda||Chestnut 1109||Saint Joseph's Basilica|
|San Francisco Art Institute||1926||800 Chestnut Street||San Francisco||Chestnut 0800||San Francisco Art Institute|
|Schuler Apartment Building||1926||38 North Oakdale Avenue||Medford, OR||Oakdale N 0038||Schuler Apartment Building|
|Shriners' Hospital||1922||1601 19th Avenue||San Francisco||Avenue 19 1601||Shriners' Hospital|
|St. Helena Carnegie Library||1921||1360 Oak Avenue||St. Helena||Oak 1360||St. Helena Carnegie Library|
|State Theatre||1927||1489 Myers Street||Oroville||Myers 1489||State Theatre|
|Tracy Inn||1921||24 West 11th Street||Tracy||Street 11||Tracy Inn|
|United States Post Office||1933||120 4th Street||Petaluma||Street 04 0120||United States Post Office|
|Westminster Presbyterian Church||1927||1300 N Street||Sacramento||Street N 1300||Westminster Presbyterian Church|
|Wheeler Hospital||1929||650 Fifth Street||Gilroy||Street 05 0650||Wheeler Hospital|
|Santa Fe Depot||1915||1050 Kettner Boulevard||San Diego||Kettner||Santa Fe Depot|