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National Register of Historic Places in San Francisco

National Register #66000232: San Francisco Presidio Former Army Housing
26 March 2004
(Click Photo to Zoom)
National Register #66000232
San Francisco Presidio
Founded 1776

The Presidio of San Francisco was designated a National Historic Landmark on June 13, 1962.

At that time, the Landmark was recognized primarily as a significant Spanish colonial military settlement in Alta California. It was secondarily recognized for its long military occupation by the United States Army since 1846.

The only historic resource identified was the Officers' Club, because it was reputed to be the Spanish comandante's quarters and original adobe remained hidden within the walls.

In 1970 the Commanding General of the 6th Army and the National Park Service agreed that the entire military reservation was within the Landmark boundary. The National Park Service Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation noted: It is the total scene that is recognized at the Presidio; structures not of much merit might well be regarded as essential to the total fabric.

The Presidio was clearly seen by the National Park Service as a district of sites, buildings, structures, and objects. The Army was encouraged to conduct a comprehensive survey to identity the contributing resources of the Presidio National Historic Landmark district for the public record and management.

The historic district contains 662 contributing buildings and 504 noncontributing buildings.

The period of historic significance is 1776-1945. Some important dates during this period are:

1776 Presidio founded by Spain

1793 Castillo de San Joaquin built

1822 Presidio transferred from Spain to Mexico

1846 Mexico's loss of California to the United States

1847 United States troops stationed at Presidio

1850 Presidio becomes United States Army reservation

1853 United States builds Ft. Point

1861 Civil War begins

1865 Civil War ends

1881 First rail service between Presidio and San Francisco

1884 Post Cemetery becomes National Cemetery

1889 Establishment of lifesaving station

1893 Endicott Era defense system

1895 Golf course built

1896 Perimeter stone gates and walls built

1898 Spanish-American War begins

1899 Spanish-American War ends

1910 Fort Winfield Scott established

1914 World War I begins

1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition

1917 United States enters into World War I

1918 World War I ends

1921 Crissy Field established

1929 Great Depression

1933 Golden Gate Bridge construction begins

1933 "Restoration" of the supposed Comandancia

1934 WPA projects on Post begin

1939 World War II begins

1941 United States enters into World War II

Adapted from the NRHP Form dated 28 October 1992.

The Presidio of San Francisco, is also California Historical Landmark 79 and is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

 

Contributing Buildings Sequenced By Area and Name
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Area Name Building Year Remarks
Arguello Boulevard GateNo 3011896
Broadway EntranceNo 5781896
Lombard Street EntranceNo 5751896
Presidio Boulevard EntranceNo 5741896
S. Domingo Bronze Cannon1628
Baker BeachBattery ChamberlinNo 16211902NRHP Listing
Baker BeachBattery Commander's StationBldg 16221904Erected to control Battery Chamberlin's four guns.
Baker BeachBattery CrosbyNo 16301900Partially buried reinforced-concrete Endicott-period battery for two 6-inch disappearing guns
Baker BeachOld Mine CasemateNo 16001912Built to control one of the submarine mine fields outside the Golden Gate.
Cemetery and Cavalry ComplexBattery BlaneyNo 6351901Three gun emplacements just north of the San Francisco National Cemetery
Cemetery and Cavalry ComplexElectrical SubstationBldg 6801908
Cemetery and Cavalry ComplexEnlisted Barracks with MessBldg 6821902
Cemetery and Cavalry ComplexStablesBldgs 661-6631911
Cemetery and Cavalry ComplexStablesBldgs 667-6681913
Crissy FieldBattery SherwoodNo 6361899Structure flanked by two elevated command and observation posts, reached by stairways. Notable features include massive buttresses, elevated walkways, underground magazines and plotting stations, and original solid-wood doors.
Crissy FieldBoathouse, Fort Point Life Saving StationBldg 19021889
Crissy FieldStation-Keeper's Residence, Fort Point Life Saving StationBldg 19011889
Fort PointBattery BoutelleNo 16511900
Fort PointBattery GodfreyNo 16471892
Fort PointBattery LancasterNo Number1898The only heavy-caliber guns at the Presidio that could bear directly on the Golden Gate Strait
Fort PointBattery Marcus MillerNo 16601891First Endicott-type gun emplacement to be undertaken around San Francisco Harbor
Fort PointFire Control StationBldg 16631911
Fort PointFire Control StationBldg 16641911
Fort PointFire Control Station for Battery GodfreyBldg 16621911
Fort PointMine Loading HousesBldgs 985 and 9861908
Fort PointMine StorehouseBldg 9791908
Fort PointPlumbing ShopBldg 9891909
Fort PointWarehouseBldg 9831908
Fort Winfield ScottBattery CranstonNo 16611897A pair of 10-inch guns on Model 1896 on disappearing carriages
Fort Winfield ScottBattery DynamiteNo 13991894One of two coastal batteries in the US to mount experimental dynamite guns which used compressed air to fire charges of high explosive
Fort Winfield ScottBattery Howe-WagnerNo 12871893
Fort Winfield ScottBattery McKinnon-StotsenbergNo 14301897Originally mounted sixteen 12-inch mortars in four gun pits arranged in a linear formation.
Fort Winfield ScottBattery SaffoldNo 13541896Two 12-inch guns on Model 1896 on non-disappearing carriages
Fort Winfield ScottFort Winfield Scott HeadquartersBldg 12011910
Fort Winfield ScottFort Winfield Scott Parade GroundNo 12231909
Fort Winfield ScottOrdnance Repair ShopBldg 13391900
Letterman ComplexAnimal HouseBldg 10561910House laboratory animals used at Letterman General Hospital
Letterman ComplexDetention WardBldg 10511909Early example on post of the use of reinforced concrete construction
Letterman ComplexOfficers' Family HousingBldg 10001902
Letterman ComplexOfficers' Family HousingBldg 10011902
Letterman ComplexOfficers' Family HousingBldg 10021908Little altered save for enclosure of the veranda and porch after 1910
Letterman ComplexOfficers' Family HousingBldgs 1003 and 10041908Little modified save for enclosure of the verandas
Main PostBarracksBldgs 86 and 871862Originally a barracks then a wagon shop
Main PostBarracksBldg 361885
Main PostEnlisted Barracks with MessBldg 351912Largest barracks on Post at the time of its construction. Became 9th Corps Area Headquarters offices about 1921 and later served as 4th Army Headquarters.
Main PostGarrison ChapelBldg 451864
Main PostHospitalBldg 21863
Main PostMagazineBldg 951863Built of local stone
Main PostMain Parade GroundNo 941893
Main PostOfficers' Family HousingBldg 41879Similar to buildings 5-16
Main PostOfficers' Family HousingBldgs 5-161862Each cottage housed three officers.
Main PostOfficers' Family HousingBldg 491882Originally a schoolhouse, remodeled in the Spanish Colobnioal style after 1942
Main PostOfficers' Family HousingBldgs 56-591885Among the few Presidio buildings with Stick Style and Queen Anne decorative features reflecting the aesthetic emphasis in Presidio architecture and planning by the 1880s
Main PostOfficers' Family HousingBldgs 51 and 541889Modest houses perhaps patterned after buildings at Fort Thomas in the Arizona Territory none of which survives
Main PostPershing HallBldg 421903Constructed as as bachelor officers' quarters
Main PostPost TraderBldg 1161885Forerunner of the modern post exchange and commissary
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