National Register of Historic Places in San Francisco
The Presidio of San Francisco was designated a National Historic Landmark on June 13, 1962.
At that time, the Landmark was recognized primarily as a significant Spanish colonial military settlement in Alta California. It was secondarily recognized for its long military occupation by the United States Army since 1846.
The only historic resource identified was the Officers' Club, because it was reputed to be the Spanish comandante's quarters and original adobe remained hidden within the walls.
In 1970 the Commanding General of the 6th Army and the National Park Service agreed that the entire military reservation was within the Landmark boundary. The National Park Service Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation noted: It is the total scene that is recognized at the Presidio; structures not of much merit might well be regarded as essential to the total fabric.
The Presidio was clearly seen by the National Park Service as a district of sites, buildings, structures, and objects. The Army was encouraged to conduct a comprehensive survey to identity the contributing resources of the Presidio National Historic Landmark district for the public record and management.
The historic district contains 662 contributing buildings and 504 noncontributing buildings.
The period of historic significance is 1776-1945. Some important dates during this period are:
1776 Presidio founded by Spain
1793 Castillo de San Joaquin built
1822 Presidio transferred from Spain to Mexico
1846 Mexico's loss of California to the United States
1847 United States troops stationed at Presidio
1850 Presidio becomes United States Army reservation
1853 United States builds Ft. Point
1861 Civil War begins
1865 Civil War ends
1881 First rail service between Presidio and San Francisco
1884 Post Cemetery becomes National Cemetery
1889 Establishment of lifesaving station
1893 Endicott Era defense system
1895 Golf course built
1896 Perimeter stone gates and walls built
1898 Spanish-American War begins
1899 Spanish-American War ends
1910 Fort Winfield Scott established
1914 World War I begins
1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition
1917 United States enters into World War I
1918 World War I ends
1921 Crissy Field established
1929 Great Depression
1933 Golden Gate Bridge construction begins
1933 "Restoration" of the supposed Comandancia
1934 WPA projects on Post begin
1939 World War II begins
1941 United States enters into World War II
Adapted from the NRHP Form dated 28 October 1992.
The Presidio of San Francisco, is also California Historical Landmark 79 and is part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.
Contributing Buildings Sequenced By Area and Name
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